Common Blue

Polyommatus icarus (61.018)

No longer as 'common' as the name suggests, although some colonies still support large numbers.

The bright blue males are most easily seen while the brown or brown/blue females are more secretive in behaviour.

A visit to a known colony late in the evening or during sunset provides the best opportunity to see this butterfly close-up as they tend to roost in groups on a dried grass stem, facing down, wings closed but one side face on to the sun to absorb as much heat as possible before the sun finally sets.

Habitat Requirements

The Common Blue is found in a variety of grassy habitats, particularly where the larval foodplants can be found in sunny sheltered positions such as roadside verges, woodland clearings, disused railway lines, quarries and post-industrial brownfield sites.

Larval Foodplants

The larvae of the Common Blue feed on Bird's-foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), Black Medick (Medicago lupulina), White Clover (Trifolium repens) and Lesser Trefoil (Trifolium dubium).

Garden Tips

Try growing a patch of Bird's-foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) in a sunny spot in short grass and you may tempt the Common Blue to breed in your garden.

Distribution in Warwickshire

See maps below. Distribution text required.

Distribution of the Common Blue 1995-2004 inclusive


Distribution of the Common Blue 2005-2009 inclusive


Distribution of the Common Blue 2010-2014 inclusive


Distribution of the Common Blue 2015-2019 inclusive


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